Recuperare datafile corrotti

Questo articolo mostra come recuperare dati da un blocco corrotto..
In questo caso sarà creata una tabella partizionata e verrà corrotto un singolo blocco.
• Creazione Tabella
CREATE TABLE “TEST_TAB_2″
( “ID” NUMBER(10,0) NOT NULL ENABLE,
“DESCRIPTION” VARCHAR2(50 BYTE) NOT NULL ENABLE,
“CREATED_DATE” DATE NOT NULL ENABLE
)
TABLESPACE “USERS”
PARTITION BY RANGE (“CREATED_DATE”)
(PARTITION “TEST_TAB_Q1″ VALUES LESS THAN (TO_DATE(‘ 2008-01-01 00:00:00′, ‘SYYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS’, ‘NLS_CALENDAR=GREGORIAN’)) SEGMENT CREATION IMMEDIATE
TABLESPACE “USERS” ,
PARTITION “TEST_TAB_Q2″ VALUES LESS THAN (TO_DATE(‘ 2008-04-01 00:00:00′, ‘SYYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS’, ‘NLS_CALENDAR=GREGORIAN’)) SEGMENT CREATION DEFERRED
TABLESPACE “USERS” ,
PARTITION “TEST_TAB_Q3″ VALUES LESS THAN (TO_DATE(‘ 2008-07-01 00:00:00′, ‘SYYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS’, ‘NLS_CALENDAR=GREGORIAN’)) SEGMENT CREATION DEFERRED
TABLESPACE “USERS” ,
PARTITION “TEST_2009″ VALUES LESS THAN (TO_DATE(‘ 2009-01-01 00:00:00′, ‘SYYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS’, ‘NLS_CALENDAR=GREGORIAN’)) SEGMENT CREATION DEFERRED
TABLESPACE “USERS” ,
PARTITION “TEST_TAB_Q4″ VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE) SEGMENT CREATION DEFERRED
TABLESPACE “USERS” ) ;
• Estrazione block rowid
SQL>select * from
(select distinct dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid)
from TEST_TAB_2)
where rownum < 6; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) ———————————— 146 147 148 149 150 • Corrompiamo il blocco 148 dd of=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf bs=8192 seek=148 conv=notrunc count=1 if=/dev/zero 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 8192 bytes (8.2 kB) copied, 7.9165e-05 s, 103 MB/s SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache;
System altered.
• Interrogando la tabella corrotta otteniamo un errore ORA-1578
SQL> select count(*) from TEST_TAB_2;
select count(*) from TEST_TAB_2
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 5, block # 148)
ORA-01110: data file 5: ‘/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf’
• Non abbiamo mai effettuato una backup validate, quindi non riusciamo a trovare informazioni utili tramite la v$backup_corruption
SQL> select * from V$backup_corruption;
no rows selected
• Gli errori sono riportati sull’ alert log.
Mon Nov 04 16:39:16 2013
ALTER SYSTEM: Flushing buffer cache
Mon Nov 04 16:39:57 2013
Hex dump of (file 5, block 148) in trace file /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/trace/TEST_DB_ora_3061.trc
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01400094 (file 5, block 148)
Completely zero block found during multiblock buffer read
Reading datafile ‘/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf’ for corruption at rdba: 0x01400094 (file 5, block 148)
Reread (file 5, block 148) found same corrupt data (no logical check)
Errors in file /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/trace/TEST_DB_ora_3061.trc (incident=54539):
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 5, block # 148)
ORA-01110: data file 5: ‘/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf’
Incident details in: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/incident/incdir_54539/TEST_DB_ora_3061_i54539.trc
Mon Nov 04 16:39:58 2013
Corrupt Block Found
TSN = 5, TSNAME = USERS
RFN = 5, BLK = 148, RDBA = 20971668
OBJN = 69138, OBJD = 69138, OBJECT = TEST_TAB_2, SUBOBJECT = TEST_TAB_Q1
SEGMENT OWNER = TEST, SEGMENT TYPE = Table Partition
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 5, block # 148)
ORA-01110: data file 5: ‘/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf’
Incident details in: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/incident/incdir_54540/TEST_DB_ora_3061_i54540.trc
Hex dump of (file 5, block 148) in trace file /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/incident/incdir_54539/TEST_DB_m000_3070_i54539_a.trc
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x01400094 (file 5, block 148)
Completely zero block found during validation
Reread of blocknum=148, file=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf. found same corrupt data
Reread of blocknum=148, file=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf. found same corrupt data
Reread of blocknum=148, file=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf. found same corrupt data
Reread of blocknum=148, file=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf. found same corrupt data
Reread of blocknum=148, file=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf. found same corrupt data
• Effettuiamo un backup validate
RMAN> connect target /
connected to target database: TEST_DB (DBID=4194814192)
RMAN> run {BACKUP VALIDATE DATABASE;}
Starting backup at 04-NOV-13
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=47 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set
input datafile file number=00003 name=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/undo01.dbf
input datafile file number=00001 name=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/system/system01.dbf
input datafile file number=00002 name=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/sysaux/sysaux01.dbf
input datafile file number=00004 name=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/data/xdb01.dbf
input datafile file number=00005 name=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:01:15
List of Datafiles
=================
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
—- —— ————– ———— ————— ———-
1 OK 0 18233 65536 35562774
File Name: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/system/system01.dbf
Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
———- ————– —————-
Data 0 36706
Index 0 7494
Other 0 3103
….
…..
……..
……………
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
—- —— ————– ———— ————— ———-
5 FAILED 0 12581 12800 35562081
File Name: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf
Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
———- ————– —————-
Data 0 20
Index 0 13
Other 1 186 <<– block corruption validate found one or more corrupt blocks See trace file /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/trace/TEST_DB_ora_3114.trc for details channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup set channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set including current control file in backup set including current SPFILE in backup set channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01 List of Control File and SPFILE =============================== File Type Status Blocks Failing Blocks Examined ———— —— ————– ————— SPFILE OK 0 2 Control File OK 0 676 Finished backup at 04-NOV-13 RMAN> list failure;
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
List of Database Failures
=========================
Failure ID Priority Status Time Detected Summary
———- ——– ——— ————- ——-
1142 HIGH OPEN 30-OCT-13 Datafile 5: ‘/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/data/users01.dbf’ contains one or more corrupt blocks
• Il tentativo di lancio di blockrecover senza backup del database fallisce
RMAN> run {blockrecover datafile 5 block 148;}
Starting recover at 04-NOV-13
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=41 device type=DISK
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of recover command at 11/04/2013 16:47:57
RMAN-06026: some targets not found – aborting restore
RMAN-06023: no backup or copy of datafile 5 found to restore
• E’ possibile usare rman admin per ripristinare la situazione
RMAN> advise failure;
List of Database Failures
=========================
Failure ID Priority Status Time Detected Summary
———- ——– ——— ————- ——-
1142 HIGH OPEN 30-OCT-13 Datafile 5: ‘/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/data/users01.dbf’ contains one or more corrupt blocks
analyzing automatic repair options; this may take some time
using channel ORA_DISK_1
analyzing automatic repair options complete
Mandatory Manual Actions
========================
no manual actions available
Optional Manual Actions
=======================
1. Shut down, mount the database and try flush redo using ALTER SYSTEM FLUSH REDO TO ‘standby name’ command. Then perform a Data Guard role change (failover). Available standbys: TEST_DBDG.
Automated Repair Options
========================
Option Repair Description
—— ——————
1 Restore and recover datafile 5
Strategy: The repair includes complete media recovery with no data loss
Repair script: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/hm/reco_379520345.hm
• Controllo preventivo (repair failure preview)
RMAN> repair failure preview;
Strategy: The repair includes complete media recovery with no data loss
Repair script: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/hm/reco_379520345.hm
contents of repair script:
# restore and recover datafile
sql ‘alter database datafile 5 offline’;
restore datafile 5;
recover datafile 5;
sql ‘alter database datafile 5 online’;
• In questo caso utilizziamo lo script rman repair per il ripristino del blocco corrotto
RMAN> repair failure noprompt;
Strategy: The repair includes complete media recovery with no data loss
Repair script: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/diag/rdbms/TEST_DB/TEST_DB/hm/reco_379520345.hm
contents of repair script:
# restore and recover datafile
sql ‘alter database datafile 5 offline’;
restore datafile 5;
recover datafile 5;
sql ‘alter database datafile 5 online’;
executing repair script
sql statement: alter database datafile 5 offline
Starting restore at 04-NOV-13
using channel ORA_DISK_1
creating datafile file number=5 name=/app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/undo/users01.dbf
restore not done; all files read only, offline, or already restored
Finished restore at 04-NOV-13
Starting recover at 04-NOV-13
using channel ORA_DISK_1
starting media recovery
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished recover at 04-NOV-13
sql statement: alter database datafile 5 online
repair failure complete
• Vediamo l’alert log
Mon Nov 04 16:49:30 2013
alter database datafile 5 offline
Completed: alter database datafile 5 offline
alter database recover datafile list clear
Completed: alter database recover datafile list clear
alter database recover if needed
datafile 5
Media Recovery Start
Serial Media Recovery started
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 1 Seq 9 Reading mem 0
Mem# 0: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/redo/redo01a.log
Media Recovery Complete (TEST_DB)
Completed: alter database recover if needed
datafile 5
alter database datafile 5 online
Completed: alter database datafile 5 online
Mon Nov 04 16:51:45 2013
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 10 (LGWR switch)
Current log# 2 seq# 10 mem# 0: /app/oracle/admin/TEST_DB/data/redo/redo02a.log
Mon Nov 04 16:51:46 2013
• Adesso possiamo interrogare con successo la tabella recuperata
SQL> select count(*) from TEST_TAB_2;
COUNT(*)
———-
2009

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